Panicled hydrangea is considered the most beautiful and long-flowering plant. Perennial, due to the lack of difficulties in care, is popular among summer residents and owners of private houses. Even an inexperienced gardener can grow in his garden such a beauty that pleases with annual abundant flowering.
Variety Vanilla Freyz is one of the most prominent representatives of panicled hydrangea. A chic perennial can be formed not only in the form of a bush, but also in the form of a tree.
Hydrangea Variety Vanilla Freyz
The panicle panic hydrangea Vanille Fraise was bred in a French nursery. Painstaking work on this kind of perennial began back in 1989. Breeders have set themselves the task of developing a variety that will be able to change the color of the petals from white to pink in a short period of time. Thanks to the experience of breeders and their painstaking work, the world saw a gorgeous plant with large inflorescences resembling an ice cream cone and a huge number of flowers. The perennial was given a name in honor of the complex color of the resulting inflorescences (a combination of white and dark pink).
reference! Fraise translated from French strawberries.
According to the information specified in the characteristic, panicle hydrangea bush reaches a height of 180-200 cm. Flexible shoots are painted in maroon color. Green foliage, densely dotted with branches, resembles the shape of an oval.
The flowering period, which began in early summer, continues until October. Inflorescences, the length of which is within 30-35 cm, are naturally endowed with the shape of a pyramid. White petals gradually turn pink, and in the beginning of autumn they acquire a burgundy red hue. Flowering pleases the grower in the year of planting. Perennial is unpretentious and is able to tolerate frosts to -34 ° C.
note! Hydrangea Vanilla Freyz is used by landscape designers in the design of the park area, garden plot, house area. After the inflorescences were cut, they remain fresh for a long time.
Transplant after purchase in the open ground of Vanilla Frey
To flowering perennial was colorful and plentiful, you should properly care for the shrub. Planting bushes should be carried out in the spring or autumn. In the case when the seedling was purchased in a tub or pot, it will take root well in the summer.
Lighting and seat selection
Hydrangea Vanilla Frize needs good lighting. Compliance with this condition allows you to get large buds and not lose saturation of the shade of inflorescences. The light should be scattered, since exposure to the leaves of open sunlight provokes the occurrence of burns. The foliage will begin to turn yellow and dry. It is best to give preference to a slightly shaded area.
Soil for growing perennial Vanilla Freyz
Perennial culture prefers organic-rich, slightly acidic, moist soil. The use of calcareous soil is not allowed.
Experienced flower growers recommend independently preparing a substrate for planting, which will include:
- sheet earth.
Important! Experts recommend systematically loosening the soil in which hydrangea is planted to a depth of 6-7 cm.
Do not forget about mulching the soil.
Hydrangea Vanilla Freeze should not be planted under trees, as they strongly absorb moisture. It is best to plant a shrub in an open area that is protected from direct sunlight. If you ignore this recommendation, the plant will slow growth, and the inflorescences will be too small.
- Planting pit in the selected place is filled with fertile soil. If desired, you can bring to the ground fallen needles and a small part of humus. It is better to refuse to introduce ash, as the culture does not really like it.
- The root is buried in the pit so that the root neck is at ground level. The root system should be distributed evenly, the root processes must be carefully straightened.
- The hole is covered with a layer of soil.
- The soil is abundantly watered and mulched using a layer of peat, sawdust or pine needles. It should be borne in mind that at least 10 l of water is required to be poured under each shrub.
Important! The best time for planting a seedling is considered the end of May, when the threat of night frost is over.
The landing recess breaks out square. If the soil is too wet, place a drainage layer of gravel and broken bricks at the bottom. To speed up the process of adaptation of a seedling, it is worth adding a small amount of a growth stimulator to the pit.
To obtain the required percentage of soil oxidation, colloidal sulfur should be used. In no case should the dropping of the root neck be allowed. Along the perimeter of the root system, the soil should fit snugly against the perennial, preventing the appearance of voids.
In cases where Vanilla Freise bushes are already growing on the site, you should not spend money on the purchase of new ones. Hydrangea can be propagated by tilting a heavy uterine bush and fixing the selected branch on the ground. By spring, the branch will take root, and a new seedling of perennial will appear at the grower.
Hydrangea planted in tubs or pots looks quite impressive. To accelerate the growth of Vanilla Freise, it is worth adding a small amount of sand and agroperlite to the soil.
Breeding Vanilla Freise
Hydrangea Vanilla Freyz can be propagated by several methods:
- layering or division of maternal bushes.
Cutting cuttings, consisting of 4-6 nodes, should occur in June 20. Chopped branches are planted in an acidified substrate, which consists of peat and a small amount of sand.
A container with a seedling is placed in a shaded place and covered with polyethylene material. The created mini-greenhouse makes it possible to accelerate the growth of the root system of seedlings. As a rule, on day 30, cuttings complete the rooting process. It is at this moment that the film material can be removed. A young plant can be planted in open ground or in a tub.
Reproduction by division of maternal bushes
Stage-by-stage process of propagation by layering:
- Choose the strongest lower stem near the bush.
- We bend it to the ground.
- We dig it to a depth of 13-14 cm.
- We fix the layers in the soil with any devices (it is best to use an ordinary hairpin).
- We regularly moisten the soil.
note! After 4 weeks, the root system begins to appear at the layer. With the help of a shovel, you need to cut off the layering from the mother bush. After this, transplant the seedling in a previously prepared place.
Propagation by cuttings
By dividing the bush, summer residents often propagate perennials. As a rule, this procedure is performed at the time of transplanting adult bushes to new places. For grafting, shrubs are suitable, whose age is in the range of 4-6 years.
In order for the delenki to take root well in the new place and endure winter frosts, it is better to postpone the breeding for the spring months.
The shrub is very carefully excavated. The root system must never be damaged! Division is carried out by an ordinary shovel or secateurs. Each split must contain at least 3 kidneys.
Reproduction of panicled hydrangea
Important! Any young plant planted in spring should be sheltered for the winter. This will prevent freezing. For shelter, you can use coniferous spruce branches.
Vanilla Freise Care
Regularly caring for Vanilla Frize, you can contribute to the formation of lush inflorescences. This perennial variety needs timely fertilizing and soil moisture. By trimming the shoots, you can form the desired shape of the plant.
To protect the bushes from diseases, you can use special drugs or folk remedies.
Vanilla Frasi's panicle hydrangea variety loves moisture. The soil under the shrub should be moistened every 5-7 days. In no case should drying out of the soil and the appearance of a crust on the surface of the earth.
note! Under each shrub, you need to make 10-12 liters of water every 5-7 days. Pre-settled water should be at room temperature.
In particularly dry periods, the bush is watered every other day. The roots are located near the surface of the soil, so it is important to pay attention to them. During irrigation, the root system should not be exposed. After 10 l of water has been poured under hydrangea, it is necessary to start hilling hydrangea panicled Vanilla Freyz. To less often moisten the soil, you can use mulching the earth with peat or humus.
In order for lush inflorescences to form on hydrangeas of the Vanilla variety, it is necessary to ensure the systematic entry of nutrients into the soil. It is best to use an organic or mineral complex for this purpose. Experienced growers recommend alternating both varieties of dressing.
The panicled perennial is especially in need of top dressing:
- in the spring at the time of swelling of the kidneys;
- during the period when the first buds appear;
- at the time of mass flowering;
- in the autumn months, when the bushes are prepared for winter.
For the first feeding, it is best to use organic fertilizer, the basis of which is mullein. Organics combine with water (1:15). The solution is thoroughly mixed and poured under the bush of the plant.
In summer, the perennial is fertilized with mineral complexes. You can cook with your own hands. To do this, you will need to use:
- potassium salt;
- ammonium nitrate.
The listed substances, taken in equal proportions, dissolve in water.
note! If desired, you can purchase a special complex of organic top dressing, which is intended for panicled hydrangea species.
In the autumn, a mixture of superphosphate and potassium sulfate must be added to the soil. In order not to provoke an increase in shoot growth before winter, it is better to abandon the use of nitrogenous top dressing in the fall.
Feeding Vanilla Freise
Thanks to pruning, the shrub can give the desired shape. Pruning should be done in the spring months before the sap flow begins. Dried and broken branches must be removed. Shoots can be shortened to 7-8 buds.
Important! In order to rejuvenate this plant, it is necessary to trim the shoots under the roots. Above the surface should remain branches, the length of which reaches 8-10 cm.
In the summer months, pruning is not permissible. At this time, it is better to deal with the removal of dry inflorescences in order to accelerate the process of the appearance of new buds.
Protection against diseases and pests
Panicled Hydrangea Vanilla Freyz is susceptible to fungal diseases, which usually affect shoots and foliage. In order to cope with ailments, experts recommend using fungicides, such as Fundazole, Topaz and Fitosporin. At the end of October, for the purpose of prevention, you can spray the bushes.
Nutrient deficiency provokes the occurrence of chlorosis in the variety Vanilla Freyz. At the same time, the foliage begins to turn yellow and curl. To cope with the disease, you should make a complex fertilizer, which includes iron.
In order to cope with the invasion of snails, aphids and spider mites, it is necessary to spray the plant with an effective insecticide like Tanrek and Akarin. You can also use the infusion onion peel. Folk remedy is used to treat bushes.
Shelter for the winter
Panicled variety of hydrangea (vanille fraise in Latin) is able to withstand severe winter frosts. Therefore, when breeding perennials in the southern region, you can not cover the bushes for the winter. To protect the flowers from freezing, you should use mulching using peat or humus. Recommended mulch thickness is 25-30 cm.
note! In other regions, it is necessary to cover the perennial with burlap or dense agrofibre. During snowfalls, snowdrifts are thrown onto the bushes, which acts as an additional source of insulation.
Panicled hydrangea Vanilla Frize is often used in landscape design. A chic plant, pleasing with abundant flowering, is able to add zest and decorate any site. A tree-like flower is often used as the main background for stunted flowers. Also, plants are planted near garden arches of roses.