Florists who dream of growing their rose garden often don’t know at what distance roses are planted from each other. Meanwhile, due to the tightness of the bushes weaken, grow poorly and stop flowering, so they need a lot of free space.
Roses in landscaping
Beautiful roses often play a major role in landscape design. From these flowers you can grow amazing compositions in parks, gardens, rose gardens, rockeries. They decorate arbors, fences, walls of buildings, arches. They are grown on scrubs, trellises, pergolas, planted near borders.
Groundcover roses on the plot
The fantasy of gardeners and designers is truly endless. But they must always remember the needs of the plant and strictly observe the necessary distance between rose bushes when planting. It depends on the size and characteristics of the flower variety.
Planting is most often carried out in the spring, so by this time you need to know exactly the specifics of the plants intended for the composition.
Attention! With proper care, roses will become a magnificent decoration of even the most ordinary-looking summer cottage.
A variety of roses according to the appearance and characteristics of growing
Roses are very diverse. Many species, types, varieties of these beautiful flowers are known.
Biologists and flower growers distinguish several main groups:
- Polyanthus - low dense bush without thorns with many small flowers. Flowering continues until the frost.
- Park - ancient decorative varieties, bloom early, but not for long. Winter-hardy, have a very strong aroma.
- Garden - old varieties of white or pale pink flowers.
- Repairing - large and fragrant buds, bloom several times a year.
- Hybrid Tea - A hybrid of remodeling and Chinese tea roses. Blossom long and magnificent. Heat-loving and need shelter for the winter.
- Groundcover - shrubs with long creeping shoots. Blossom long and magnificent.
- Floribunda - tall bushes with large flowers. They appeared as a result of crossing polyanth and tea-hybrid varieties. Bloom profusely, long and continuously. Faded buds fall, and young petals appear in their place.
- Grandiflora - appeared after crossing tea-hybrid and floribund. The flowers are large in size, bloom for a long time and magnificent.
- Miniature - small garden varieties. They grow up to 40 cm in height. Terry flowers can appear from spring to late autumn.
- Climbing - fast-growing creeping shoots with small flowers collected in large inflorescences. Related species are semi-braided and curly.
- Scrubs are tall shrubs that bloom once a year.
Pink bushes in the flowerbed
Rules for planting roses in the open ground, what distance should be between the bushes
The distance between roses when planting in the ground depends on several factors:
- bush growth;
- features of caring for him;
- the specifics of the place chosen for planting (whether it is well lit by the sun, how fertile soil, etc.).
Landscape compositions must be prepared in accordance with the types and varieties of flowers. In landscape design, the distance between roses plays an important role. When flowers are crowded, they lack air and nutrients, and infections spread at lightning speed.
For reference! All roses love the abundance of light and fertile, moist soil, but poorly tolerate drafts and lack of nutrients.
Ground cover roses
Among the ground cover varieties there are creeping, weeping and erect. Their bushes are very dense, but grow at different speeds. Ground-cover flowers can decorate a terrace, a gazebo, a wall of a house or break a flower bed out of them.
To grow a dense carpet of flowers, 60-80 cm are left between the plants. Tall and weeping roses are planted at a distance equal to half their height. Spreading low bushes can be planted at a distance of 40-60 cm from each other.
The distance between the creeping rose bushes depends on the growth rate of the shoots. The faster the branches grow, the farther the bushes should be from each other. Therefore, between strong-growing leaves 1 meter, and between weakly growing - 40-60 cm.
Climbing and curly roses
Curly roses for wall decoration
A hedge of flowers looks very nice. The walls of the house and gazebos, fences and arches can be decorated with climbing plants. Curly and climbing roses are especially luxurious. Their shoots grow rapidly and wrap around objects that are attached.
Semi-climbing and climbing varieties have long branches (1.5-5 m) that can hang from a support or creep along the ground. Curly shoots are even longer - up to 5-15 m. They grow more intensively. Both of these species should be planted in groups near a support or branches of large trees.
To decorate the wall of the gazebo or arch, one bush of a climbing or climbing rose is enough. To create a hedge, you can plant 4-5 bushes. An interval of 3-5 meters should be left between strongly growing varieties, and 2 m between weakly growing varieties.
As bush plants, floribunda, grandiflora, park, hybrid tea, polyanthus species, as well as some varieties of ground cover and climbing flowers, are most often grown.
Growing single bushes, it is necessary to leave 3 meters between them. If the gardener wants to plant a hedge, then the distance between the rose bushes should be equal to half their height.
Shrub roses look very impressive
For example, all rose bushes in the hedge will grow up to 2 m, then 1 m is left between them.
Flower beds include polyanthus and tea-hybrid species, as well as floribunda. These flowers can be grown in flower beds in small groups.
Depending on the growth rate of shoots, flower beds are divided into two large groups. Strongly growing varieties need to be planted at a distance of 40-60 cm from each other, and weakly growing - 30-40 cm.
For reference! Other flowers and small shrubs can be planted next to them.
Stacked, Cascading Roses
Stack and cascading roses are grown using grafting. A stalk of rosehip 40-90 cm high is grafted with a stalk of a climbing or miniature rose.
Cascade varieties differ from standard varieties in that a stalk of a climbing or ground cover rose with long curly shoots hanging down down is grafted onto a standard height of 140 cm. Some growers use hybrid tea varieties and floribunda.
It is advisable to plant stem and cascade varieties individually, rather than in groups. If the florist decided to grow them in rows, then between the standard flowers it is necessary to observe a distance of 3 meters, and between cascading ones - 3-5 meters.
Rose bush in the form of a stem
Attention! Next to these flowers, grassy or coniferous plants look beautiful.
The universal rule of distance between roses
There is no universal rule that helps to calculate at what distance to plant roses. It all depends on the size of the bush and the features of caring for it.
Growing roses on pylons
It often happens that a rose bush of much larger size than expected grows from a seedling. Therefore, it is advisable to leave more free space. There should be enough space so that you can bend the bush to the ground and cover it for the winter. In other words, the distance between the rose bushes should correspond to their growth.
Important! If the roses are too crowded, the bushes need to be planted away.
The crowding will destroy any plants, so they must be planted at a sufficient distance from each other. The length of these gaps may vary depending on the size of the bush and the growth rate of its branches.