Ardizia - a plant native to the tropics, has long won the love of flower growers in many countries. The attention of florists is attracted by a handful of bright red fruits that appear year-round after flowering.
Ardisia crenata - ornamental shrub resembling a tree with glossy leaves and red fruits. It belongs to the evergreen cultures of the Mirsinov family. The leaves are oblong, smooth, with notches along the edges, grow alternately. The flowers are small, collected by inflorescences-umbrellas of soft pink shades. After flowering, red berries are formed in place of the buds.
Home plant from the tropics with bright red fruits
On a note! The berries of ardisia are not poisonous, but can be harmful to health. It is forbidden to taste them!
Ardizia-flower has more than 700 species. Only a few are grown at home. Among them:
- Ardisia is a town. It differs from other types of malachite leaves, tuberous at the edges.
- Ardizia is curly. It grows to 80 cm. It has elongated leaves and fragrant flowering.
- Low ardizia. The bush reaches 60 cm. When ripe, the berries become black.
- Solanacea. Sapling with red branches and pale green leaves. Pink flowers change to dark red berries.
- Elliptical ardizia with violet fruits. Used in folk medicine as an antiseptic.
There are several types of culture
Features of flower care
Ardizia care at home suggests the presence of:
- bright lighting, but without direct sunlight;
- air temperature to +26 ℃ with a winter drop to +16 ℃ (for laying buds);
- high humidity (sprayed before flowering);
- watering in summer - plentiful, in winter - moderate;
- loose and light soil with the addition of peat and sand;
- top dressing, which is applied in the summer 2 times a month with complex means;
Flowering and fruiting
The culture blooms from late May to late August, forming in place of the buds of a berry with a seed. Fruits with proper care can stay on the bushes for a year. Pruning a flower is needed when forming a crown. In spring, weak, damaged shoots knocked out of the crown are removed.
It's important to know! During flowering, in order not to provoke bud dropping, the culture is protected from drafts and drying of the soil.
The plant blooms with pink flowers
Ardisia krenata propagated by cuttings and seeds. At home, growing ardisia from seeds is much easier than cuttingtings. Step by step method:
- In January, seeds are harvested.
- Separate the bone from the pulp and dry it.
- Planted in a container 1 cm deep into moist, light soil.
- Cover with a film.
- The young seedling is transplanted into a container by the transshipment method.
You need to be prepared that propagation by cuttings takes some time and does not always live up to expectations. The upper shoot is cut, treated with a growth stimulator and wait for rooting under the film in a separate pot.
Ardizia propagated using seeds and cuttings
Young culture is transplanted annually in the spring by transhipment method, an adult plant - as needed. Of great importance is the choice of pot. If it is too large, the flowers of the houseplant ardisia angustifolia will appear soon.
Possible problems in growing
Ardisia leaves turn yellow and fall off in poor light or lack of nutrients. If the lighting problem is solved, and the leaf turns yellow, organic matter is introduced into the soil. The sheet plate often turns brown due to dry air in the room. It is necessary to increase humidity by spraying or by putting a humidifier. The stem stretches, the leaves brighten - the plant does not have enough light (especially in winter). The flower is moved to the southern windows.
Note! Drafts and low air temperatures can cause curling and lethargy.
A plant may develop chlorosis due to the low iron content in the soil. Bacterial diseases occur due to stagnation of water at the roots and too humid air. It’s easy to take care of ardisia. Subject to the rules of agricultural technology, she will decorate any home.